Online money transfer technology and a liberal monetary policy have enabled NRIS to invest in India. In a globalized, networked world, where business and commerce has moved from the traditional 8 hour work day, geographies and boundaries have dissolved in the face of technologies. Post liberalization, India has moved on to a less stringent exchange regime and this has made it easier for the NRIs (Non Resident Indians) to remit funds back home. Remittances from NRI’s to India in 2010-2011 were to the tune of 55 billion US dollars.
Every year, Indians living abroad use 3 main types of NRI accounts to transfer funds. All the major Indian banks, both public sector and private offer these accounts to their customers. Online money transfer from these accounts has drastically reduced the time taken for funds to be transferred to India.
With the spread of the internet and the increased use of information technology, more and more NRIs are using online money transfer to send money to their near and dear in India. Previously, NRIs used wire transfer services like Western Union to send money back to India.
NRI banking is an important of any bank’s portfolio. It is believed that remittances from abroad constitute 3 % of India’s GDP. Data also shows that India received the highest amount of funds through remittances from abroad.
Non Resident External accounts: NRE
Non Resident Ordinary accounts: NRO
Non-Resident Foreign Currency Account: FCNR
This account allows NRIs/PIOs to invest in deposits in India, in foreign currency. The idea is to protect the NRIs from fluctuations in the exchange rate. Currently FCNR deposits can be maintained in 6 currencies.